Your thyroid is a small organ with a large impact on your health and wellbeing. You never realize how important it is unless it causes problems, and when it does, the impact is widespread, affecting many organs and systems.
Thyroid cancer: This is the most feared thyroid disease. Fortunately, it is not as common as other cancers and can frequently be cured.
Autoimmunity: A failure of the immune system could cause inflammation and destruction of the thyroid gland. As a consequence your thyroid produces too little or too many thyroid hormones.
Infertility: Thyroid disease can cause infertility in both men and women, if you have a family history of thyroid disease your risk of thyroid dysfunction is increased. If thyroid problems are the only cause for an inability to conceive, treatment could restore fertility.
Anxiety/depression: Many patients with thyroid disorders complain about problems with mood and cognitive function. Appropriate treatment of the thyroid dysfunction could reverse most of the complaints.
Iodine deficiency: Iodine is the key component of thyroid hormone production and plays an important role in fetal and infant development. A lack of this natural chemical element is detrimental for your and your children’s health.
This website helps you with information on how to take care of your thyroid, specifically regarding the five topics mentioned above. Information provided is not intended as a substitute for informed medical advice. You must consult a suitably qualified healthcare professional on any problem or matter which is covered by any information in this website before taking any action.
About the thyroid
The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland normally located at the base of the neck. Its job is to control your metabolism1by the production of three hormones: Thyroxine (also known as T4), triiodothyronine (also known as T3) and calcitonin1,2. The thyroid and the brain cooperate to produce thyroid hormones at optimum levels: The pituitary gland produces thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), and the hypothalamus is responsible for thyrotropin releasing hormone (TRH). If the thyroid gland does not supply sufficient thyroid hormones long enough, you will become hypothyroid; if it produces too many thyroid hormones, you will develop hyperthyroidism in the long run.
- 1. American Thyroid Association. Thyroid Function Tests. 2012http://www.thyroid.org/patients/brochures/FunctionTests_brochure.pdf Accessed January 2014
- 2. Deutsche Krebshilfe. Krebs der Schilddrüse, Die blauen Ratgeber 09; 3/2012: 7-97.http://www.krebshilfe.de/fileadmin/Inhalte/Downloads/PDFs/Blaue_Ratgeber/009_0033_Schilddruese.pdfAccessed January 2014
- 3. Thyroid Foundation of Canada 2012. Thyroid Disease – Overview of thyroid function.http://www.thyroid.ca/thyroid_gland.php Accessed January 2014 Accessed January 2014