How hyperthyroidism is treated

According to the type of hyperthyroidism, your age and health status, and how serious the overactivity of your thyroid is, your physician will choose one of three treatment options, the one best suited for you:

Anti-thyroid drugs prevent the thyroid gland from producing new thyroid hormones. Alternatively the thyroid tissue can be destroyed by radioactive iodine radiation or by removal of parts of or the whole thyroid gland by surgery. The resulting hypothyroidism is then treated with levothyroxine.17

The appropriate management of hyperthyroidism needs ongoing care.17 A normal metabolism can be restored, thereby reducing your risk of heart disease or death. Returning to normal levels of thyroid hormones is extremely important for patients with preexisting heart disease.

Who is at risk?

  • People with hyperthyroidism in the family18
  • Women and women of younger age, in partcular17
  • Post pregnancy17
  • People with viral infections18
  • Smokers18
  • People with excessive intake of thyroid hormone17
  • People with excess of iodine intake17
  • Patients taking drugs that interfere with thyroid hormones17
  • People with an injury of the thyroid18
  • People experiencing major life stress18

References